A fetus requires to spend about 40 weeks in its mother’s womb before entering the world. But sometimes, after 37 weeks of gestation, this is medically termed as premature birth.

Reasons for premature birth:

Premature birth can occur either due to condition with mother or condition with fetus. However, about 50% of the time, the causes of premature birth are not known.

Some of the general conditions with mother that may cause premature births are:

  • High Blood pressure
  • Infection
  • Stubstance Abuse
  • Stress/Trauma
  • Chronic Illness

Below are some of the fetal conditions that can cause premature births; these are usually complications related with uterus or placenta.

  • Early opening of the cervix
  • Malformation of the uterus
  • Early detachment of the placenta
  • Excess amniotic fluid causing pressure in the uterus, resulting in early contractions and birth
  • Chromosomal Abnormalities

Preventing premature labour:

  • Eat healthy, nutritious and well balanced diet
  • Avoid drinking, smoking or any other recreational activities
  • Avoid lifting heavy objects and standing for long period of time
  • Practise meditation or listen to calm music when stressed. Try maintaining low stress levels.
  • Avoid half cooked meat, which can cause infection.

Consult your doctor if you find any abnormalities during pregnancy, and ask for appropriate guidelines to prevent premature births.